Why Road Safety Education?
Around 3150 children age 3 to 15 are killed or seriously injured on Indian road every year; this is almost 60 children per week -To reduce these and keep your children safe your concern is considered necessary.
80% of Indian schools do not have road safety curriculum but as a parent or guardian you must play a big role in helping them stay safe on roads. Children follow adults and copy their behavior, if they see you take risk on roads there will probably take risk too.
The best way that you can help out your child to stay safe on roads is to set a good example unto yourself when using roads. IFROS with its second-fiddle named as SAPROS (Student Assimilation Programme on Road Safety) by its methodology helps you to teach your child how to be safe pedestrian and teaching them about the importance of road safety code and how to stay safe when walking, cycling or riding a bike
Are you still not sure how road safety matches?
Research illustrates that your child can jot judge how fast vehicles are moving or how far away they are, children are most likely to die in a road collision than any other accident. In comparison with other countries India's overall road safety record is very poor. And its rate of child fatalities is high when compared to others countries.
Hence we need a change!!!
To bring change-your concern is needed,
Road safety +concern= change, this is the main maxim of SAPROS.
Support us for this very cause and be a part of Nation's integrity programme and become a root for bringing change.
Indian Federation of Road Safety produces a vast range of educational resources aimed to help plan and deliver effectively the message of road safety to people aged 3 to 15 years. These resources are created taking into consideration the national curriculum, which makes it easier for teachers to include road safety education into their regular classroom teaching. It is in these formative years that it is easy to mould a child into a responsible citizen i.e. one who respects and follows traffic rules and regulations set by the government for self safety and road users in general.
Teachers and parents alike can use these resources to help young children master the tasks involved in learning to stay safe on roads and also instill a strong civic sense in them.
Contributions and aimed fundamentals:
A Road Safety Education Program should begin at the pre-school level and prolonged edification throughout the child's school life.
- Foundation tutoring should encompass practical training in a realistic road environment.
- Use teaching methodology which follow the principles of child's aptitude and provide content that can be easily absorbed by children at that particular age.
- Training needs to be customary, recurrent and must be combined with practice.
- It should be customized to take account of education, cultural, transport and financial circumstances.
- Road safety education should have a formal place in the school curriculum.
- Schools programs should be non-breakable by community safety schemes.
The way adults – parents and teachers behave while using roads and following road rules will influence children even after the time they stop holding their hands to cross roads. Hence it is necessary for parents and teachers to be aware of their own behavior and follow all traffic rules set for our own safety and lead by example. Children of this age are too young to be responsible for their own safety, but they should be trained at this early age as it is easy to instill good habits in them in these formative years.
Children at this age should be educated to:
- Hold hands with older children or adults when near a road or traffic.
- Cross only at zebra crossings or a safe place to cross. Scrambling across the road with the child in hand will only set a poor example.
- Walk only on footpaths, or at the edge of the road.
- Get out of a car on the kerv side and not on the side of traffic
- Play in safe places (away from roads) designated by an adult.
- Formulate clear and simple road safety rules that children can understand. Remember always encourage and praise them especially when they do something right
As children at this age begin primary school there will be more occasions when they are on the road either as pedestrians, passengers in cars, school buses or public transport. At this age children are usually given more responsibility. However, it is recommended that they don't cross the road on their own and should always be accompanied by someone older.
Children at this age should be educated to:
- Distinguish types of traffic signals and road signs
- Understand where to stop, look and listen before walking across the road.
- To recognize that small children cannot always be seen by motorists and to be familiar that traffic may come from unforeseen places.
- Learn to use confined crossings, before learning to use others
- To notice and look around for the people who are there to help them cross the road.
- To use marked pedestrian crossings whenever possible.
- To understand and use traffic lights (with or without marked pedestrian crossings).
- To rationalize how to get to school and return from school safely.
- To learn and understand the rules of the traffic behavior.
- To be familiar with how and why vehicles contribute to safety or danger and to know that accidents can lead to injury and death.
Upper Primary Education:
Children at this age should be able to judge between right and wrong of road usage and conduct themselves well. They should be taught to:
- Identify safe and unsafe practices of pedestrians and traffic.
- Demonstrate knowledge of traffic rules correlated to them, and to other road users.
- Be able to identify and respond to traffic hazards, know when and how to summon help in case of emergencies and provide help to other road users when in need.
- Set a good example for smaller children and help identify a safer place for them to play.
- Identify their own risk-taking behavior and the consequences of this
- Be made aware that traffic rules are not always observed by other road users.
- Understand needs of specific groups – the young, old and disabled.
- Perceive the problems of drugs, alcohol and overtiredness in relation to road accidents.
- Understand immediate and long term consequences of road accidents.
- Learn to plan their routes in advance especially when travelling to a new place.
When children move up to secondary high school, road safety becomes even more essential. Students start travelling longer distances and will be more likely to make these journeys on their own. They may walk, cycle or use public transport. It is essential to empower them to become a responsible road user. They should be taught to:
- Travel safely on public transport by themselves.
- Ride a bicycle within the lanes allocated.
- Identify and understand how road accidents occur and how they can reduce them.
- Identify dangers and be able to judge traffic speeds and distances. Learn the basic legal requirements of road users and responsibilities towards fellow road users
- Be able to administer basic first aid.
Top-5 SAFE DRIVING TECHNIQUES
Care for your Vehicle:
Make sure your vehicle is checked regularly and is in proper working condition before you hit the road. Things you should check for:
- Fuel – Ensure there is optimum fuel for the intended journey.
- Lights - Ensure that head lights, signal lights, brake lights are clean and operating properly.
- Oil – Check for engine oil levels.
- Water – Check for radiator water or coolant and distilled water levels in the battery.
- Electrics - Check the battery, wipers, power windows and horn.
- Rubber - Check the tyre pressure and the condition of the tyres.
- Following this simple procedure will mitigate breakdowns and accidents caused by vehicle malfunctions.
- Fiddle with the seat so that gearshift can be operated without any uneasiness.
- Fasten the seat belt inserting the buckle properly or wear a helmet in case of a two wheeler.
- Fiddle with rear view mirrors.
- Make sure that all the doors of the car are closed and locked.
- Ensure the gear is in neutral position prior to starting the vehicle.
- Don't operate the self starter for more than 15 seconds at a stretch, wait for a few seconds before retrying.
People don't ram into what they see, so make sure you are in a position where you can be seen. Don't drive alongside big trucks and lorries where the driver can't see you. Wear light coloured clothes if travelling on a two wheeler in adverse weather conditions or if driving on highways.
Better be late than dead on time:
Don't over-speed or even take the road speed limits as your target. Always take into
consideration the traffic conditions and the state of the road you're driving on.
You are Human:
Driving appears to be simple however, given the traffic situation in today's scenario it can be very complex, demanding rapt attention and concentration in order to prevent unforeseen and unprecedented accidents.
While driving Do not:
- Use a mobile phone.
- Listen to music with the volume too high.
- Smoke or eat.
- Drink and Drive
The Defensive Driving code
- Care, courtesy and consideration for other road users.
- Knowledge of traffic rules and regulations.
- Alertness for illegal acts and driving errors of other drivers.
- Concern for accident prevention regardless of who is in the right.
- Adjust driving habits according to the condition of road, traffic and climate.
FUNDAMENTALS OF TRAFFIC RULES
Every road user including pedestrians should learn the fundamental traffic rules and make sure to follow them. The fundamental rules are listed below:
- In India we have left-hand traffic, so all road users should keep to the left as far as possible except while overtaking.
- Moving on the right hand side will obstruct fast moving vehicles and the oncoming traffic.
- Overtake slower moving vehicles from the Right. Never overtake from the left. Overtake only when you are not obstructing or endangering other traffic and when you have turned on the indicator.
- Never overtake when approaching a curve or on a turn.
- Never try to overtake a vehicle signaling to turn right.
- When you want to switch lanes
- Turn on the indicator and give a clear signal to traffic approaching both from the front and rear.
- Slow down
- Make sure that there is no vehicle fast approaching on the next lane and then switch.
- Always move into the lane closest to the direction you want to turn in, example – move to the extreme left lane if you want to turn left and vice versa.
- Be aware of oncoming and following traffic before negotiating a turn.
- The general maximum speed limits fixed under M.V. Act
- Light motor vehicle (Non transport) : No limit
- Motor cycles : 50 KMPH
- Lorries, Busses Taxies, Maxi cabs : 65 KMPH
- Articulated Vehicles : 50 KMPH
- The local authorities depending upon traffic or road conditions can fix lower speed limits.
- Confine your vehicle speed to 25 KMPH when passing a motorcade or workman engaged in road repairs.
Crossing or entering a road:
- Never drive across a road or enter it unless the road is clear of traffic for a sufficient distance so that you won't obstruct or endanger other vehicles.
- Pedestrians must always use the zebra crossing when they need to cross a road.
When parking your vehicle it is essential to make sure that you are not causing an obstruction to other road users. Despite having No Parking boards put up at various places especially in crowded public places, these are very conveniently ignored and are usually the cause of a major traffic jam.
While parking always:
- Look for a sign or car park before parking. Absence of a 'No Parking' sign does not mean that you can park there. In any time if possible, park off the road or in a designated parking area.
- Park in a place where you do not obstruct vehicles and pedestrians. Leave driveways and gates free.
- If it causes danger, obstruction or undue inconvenience to other road users.
- Near a road or pedestrian crossing, traffic light, a bend, on top of a hill or on a foot path
- Near a bus stop, school, or hospital entrances
- Interfacing a traffic sign or entrance of premises.
- On the wrong side of the road
SAFE TWO WHEELER DRIVING:
Most of the roads accidents that occur are preventable and precious lives can be saved. Two wheelers are the most vulnerable. Set out below are a few tips for two wheeler riders so they can avoid accidents.
Wear a helmet:
Two wheeler riders are most prone to head injuries and it is necessary to always wear a helmet when driving. The helmet should ideally be of bright colour to ensure visibility in adverse weather conditions. Wearing heavy clothing like jackets, boots, gloves and glasses and helmet visors can protect us from injuries.
Highly visible clothing:
It is advisable to wear bright coloured clothes so that they are easily visible in the night or in bad weather conditions.
A motorcycle has two brakes, always apply both breaks at the same time, it is wrong to apply the rear break first.
Never attempt to turn at a high speed, make sure you slow down, shift to the appropriate gear before negotiating a turn. While turning apply breaks cautiously and in a controlled manner to avoid skidding.
Never negotiate between two lanes or weave through traffic. Stick to one lane and use indicators to switch between lanes. Follow these tips apart from the basic safe driving techniques and two wheeler driving can be real fun.
Drinking and Driving
Driving a vehicle with high blood alcohol levels is dangerous and can lead to road accidents, injuries and death. Drivers with any level of blood alcohol greater than zero are at a higher risk of a crash than those whose blood alcohol level is zero as alcohol effects the eye-hand coordination. Although the police has been cracking the whip and trying in earnest to curb this menace, it is us the road users who should be more responsible and avoid drinking and driving even if it is only a single drink. Protect yourself, don't drink and drive or even ride with someone who has had too much to drink.
A very integral part of the IFROS mission is to save lives by preventing drinking and driving. Education is a very powerful tool to teach and spread the message against drinking and driving.
A police officer in uniform may arrest any person without warrant, who drives a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs. And such persons shall be punishable for first offence with imprisonment for a term of up to 6 months or fine up to Rs. 2,000 or both; for second or subsequent offence up to 2 years imprisonment or Rs. 3,000 fine or both.
Can drunken driving be stopped?
The answer to this is yes and it is YOU who can make the difference:
- Developing a culture of using designated drivers is one way of curbing this menace.
- A responsible citizen do not allow any known person who has consumed alcohol to drive, call a cab or take the keys away from them and ensure they do not drive until they have sobered down.
IFROS runs regular campaigns against drunken driving and uses various media to keep the issue in the public domain outside specific campaign periods. A MORTH activity in this area shall be constant as, in spite of a various awareness programs on TV, radio and other advertising means, there are still too many people who are prepared to take the risk.
Drink-driving campaigns conventionally run over the festive period when people are more likely to go out drinking and partying and the temptation to drink and drive may be very strong.
IFROS is determined to produce a television and radio advert which advises drivers of the lifestyle consequences of getting caught for drunken driving, including the minimum 12-month loss of license and the knock-on effects this could have on employment, home-life and relationships.